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To troubleshoot and diagnose a gas range, you must first understand the principles of operation. The components that make up a gas oven ignition system are, the igniter, sometimes referred to as the glow bar because it always glows red when it is operating, the oven safety valve, the oven burner tube, and the oven thermostat, or electronic control.

The Gas Oven Ignitor
Gas oven igniters are made of a carbon based material that can withstand a tremendous amount of heat. First off, an oven igniter must glow red hot to ignite the gas flame, then it must remain on and red hot the whole time the gas burner is on. The oven ignitor will be mounted in close proximity to the oven burner. This will allow the gas to ignite as soon as it starts to flow. Gas oven igniters are not interchangeable. A gas oven igniter is matched to the current draw of the safety valve in the system.


The Gas Oven Safety Valve
The safety valve usually sits flat on the oven base. It is connected on one end to a gas line attached to the gas supply pressure regulator. The other end of the safety valve is the outlet that allows gas to flow into the oven burner assembly. Within the oven safety valve is a bimetallic lever that is attached to a plunger that moves back and forth to let the gas flow. The bimetallic lever is connected to terminals that stick out of the top of the oven safety valve.

The Oven Burner Assembly
The oven burner assembly is usually mounted from front to back beneath the floor of the oven. It has specific size holes to regulate the gas flame. On top of the oven burner assembly you will find a heavy-duty plate, called a flame spreader. The flame spreader is designed to evenly distribute the heat to the left and right side of the oven cavity.

How These Components Work Together
When the oven is first turned on, the heat circuit is complete through the oven thermostat, or relay on an electronic control, through one end of the igniter. The current passes through the ignitor, out the other side, and into one of the terminals on the safety valve. The other side of the safety valve is usually connected to the neutral side of the electrical supply line. So now we have a completed circuit through the thermostat or electronic control through the igniter and through the oven safety valve. As the igniter starts to glow and heat up, it's resistance will decrease.

As the resistance of the igniter decreases, it will start to draw more current through the line. As the current passes through the circuit it must pass through the bimetallic strip within the oven safety valve. When this happens the bimetal strip starts to heat up and flex. By this time now the oven ignitor is glowing red hot. As the bimetal in the oven safety valve flexes, it opens the plunger allowing gas to flow to the oven burner. And since the igniter is glowing red hot, the gas will ignite. Current will continue to flow through the oven igniter safety valve and thermostat, or electronic control relay, until the oven reaches the selected temperature. At that time the thermostat, or electronic control, will open the circuit to the igniter. When there is no longer current passing through the igniter, the bimetallic strip within the oven safety valve cools down. When that happens, it flexes back to the closed position and shuts off the gas to the burner assembly.

If you have a gas oven that will not ignite, and the igniter is glowing red, you need to check the current draw of the igniter. Because it is glowing red you know that the circuit is complete through the igniter, through the oven safety valve, through the oven thermostat or electronic control relay, in and out of any safety fuses or high temp thermostats used as safety devices, and on out to the neutral side of the supply line. Therefore you do not need to check any of those components. Oven safety valves have a specific electrical current rating. That current rating is usually stamped on the side of the oven safety valve. When you have an igniter that is glowing red, but the oven still will not light, a high percentage of the time the problem is the fact that the igniter resistance has increased and it's not drawing enough current to flex the bimetallic strip in the oven safety valve. An amp probe on the line cord is used to check the current draw of a gas range. Most of the time you'll find that if an igniter is glowing red, and the oven is not lighting, the current draw of the ignitor will be low and it is likely defective.

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There are many Air Conditioning Company Charlotte NC companies that you can converse with, at whatever point you need assistance with your air conditioning system. Distinctive companies offer diverse services, yet on the off chance that you need to get the best outcome, you have to ensure that you are going to enlist somebody who is truly had some expertise in the service that you need. In this article, we will talk about the absolute most basic services that you can get from various companies. In the event that you are going to peruse this article, you will almost certainly acclimate yourself with the things that you can expect at whatever point you are going to procure one.


Here are the absolute most normal services that you can get from various air conditioning companies:

Unit Preference - on the off chance that you are going to search for an air conditioning unit, it would be better on the off chance that you are going to search for companies first. The reason is on the grounds that they will most likely give all of you the data that you have to think about the unit that you need to have. Beside this, companies additionally know the best sort and brand that you can utilize, helping settle on an increasingly good choice. Unit

Establishment - when you as of now have your unit and you pursued the exhortation of air conditioning companies, you have to ensure that you are going to enlist them to introduce the unit for you. Since they are the person who revealed to you that the unit is the best kind and brand for you, at that point getting establishment service from them is the best thing that you can do.

On location Inspection and Maintenance - in the event that you are having issues with the air conditioning unit that you acquired, at that point contacting the person who introduced your system ought to be the initial step. Remember that they are the person who educated you concerning the best unit and brand to buy, and they are additionally the person who introduced the unit for you. It implies that they are extremely acquainted with your unit, and they will probably manage the issue effectively.

Parts Supply - there are companies that can furnish you with the parts that you need, so it would be better in the event that you are going to search for them when you begin wanting to have your own air conditioning unit. This will guarantee that you won't just get every one of the services from one company, however will likewise guarantee that you will get the best service from them.

Birth control pills have an impact on your hormone levels. Sometimes you don't want those hormonal fluctuations, which is why some menopausal and pre-menopausal women choose natural hormone therapy. Here are some of the ways birth control pills can affect your hormone levels.


Female doctor talking with senior patient
Birth control pills prevent ovulation. The hormones in the pills stop the body from producing and releasing an egg into the uterus. Estrogen levels change during a woman's normal cycle, but pills keep those hormonal levels the same, preventing an egg from being released from the ovary into the uterus.

Birth control pills also affect the level of progesterone in your body. This natural hormone causes the lining of the uterus to thicken in preparation of a fertilized egg embedding in the blood-rich lining. Without pills, the lining would naturally shed—when the woman would have her period—but with pills, progesterone is suppressed, so the lining isn't as thick and periods are lighter.

Pills can also have other effects on women’s bodies, lowering their libido, causing weight gain, depression, fatigue, and headaches, and can thicken cervical mucus. Though many women rely on birth control pills to prevent pregnancy, some women experience powerful side effects that make them questions whether the pill is worth it. Women who are using birth control pills for reasons other than preventing pregnancy may be better served with natural hormone therapies.

If you are looking for natural hormone therapies to help with your menopausal symptoms, need hypothyroidism treatment, or are fighting adrenal fatigue, we can help you get to the root of your fatigue, depression, and hormonal imbalances.

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Scottsdale flooring stores are all about choice. There are the budget flooring shops specializing in giving customers the most they can get for their money. Scottsdale also features high end retailers whose job is to find and sell the best of the best.

When the budget is tight, vinyl will work nicely for a tidy up. Get rid of the 1980s flooring with its nicks and stains, the old colors and patterns. Treat yourself to something fresh, perhaps with patterns that echo other materials like marble and stone.


Vinyl can mimic the look of other materials. Select squares in a range of sizes, shades and patterns to look like marble, even wood. The great thing is that the grain may be fake, but mopping-up spills is truly easy.

Get a little closer to the look of real wood. Opt for laminate. These often come in thin sheets which lock together easily. Get a look at examples at flooring showrooms to see what the final effect will be.

On the other hand, do not forget the underlay. These are thin boards after all. Still, they are easy to install, some even snapping together easily for the amateur floor layer. Like wood, vinyl and tiles, laminate is much better for asthma and allergy sufferers. They do not retain dander and dust. Pollen and other particles simple dust or vacuum up without being trapped in fibers.

Hardwood has the classy look the consumer would expect from an authentic, natural product. Solid and heavy duty, this could increase the value of your property. Polish the floor to a dark, medium or light shine depending on the type of wood: cherry, oak or walnut perhaps.

Tile or stone also have their advantages. Though more expensive and heavier to lay in some instances, they feature the natural grains of rock or the sheen of porcelain. Laying marble instead will add a sense of real luxury to any floor of a home, hotel or premises where proprietors want to emphasize style.

Carpet still rules in many homes, especially in living rooms and bedrooms. A wide spectrum of shades and textures makes this a versatile option, especially in a room where you spend a lot of time on the floor. Far softer than hardwood or stone, carpet makes the popular choice for teaching babies to crawl and walk.

More info at charlotte flooring charlotte nc

Guys, I know as soon as you see this post, you will make fun of me. Don’t. This is by far the BEST driving simulator out there. The best part? It’s free…..kinda. The game is currently selling at $40 on their website. However, I downloaded the free demo, and spent countless hours just playing the demo. Honestly I really have no clue what limitation I have with the free demo at this website link.


Game Play

Surprising to me, the game play is phenomenal. It seems surreal! Although I only use keyboard and mouse to play instead of my GT Driving Force Wheel, I enjoy it so much that It makes me feel like I am a Texas truck driver or a Ice road trucker. The game also feature a in-game radio streaming, however they are all European channels. I was home sick during Xmas week, I had the option of either going to sleep and get some rest, or delivery 2 farmers’ tractors from Newcastle, England to Amsterdam, Holland. The choice was clear to me. It’s an 18 hour drive, but in game it’s about 45 min to an hour. I started off in Newcastle country side, and went to a gas station to fill up before the long road trip. Then I drove all the way to the port and took a ship to Holland, and finished up with another 2 in game hour drive to my destination. After I got the money for the job, of course I took another job that will get me back to Liverpool, England. I just kept on trucking. And I tell you what, there is no better feeling than trucking in a English country side listening to Adele’s Skyfall on a Russian radio station. (Not sure if it’s Russian, sounded like it)

The game is so realistic that it assumes you are a trucker. You started out with jobs that provide you with a truck, working for the man. Then you receive an email from the bank saying “YOU ARE APPROVED”. Fuck yea I am borrowing max money to buy my own truck. Yes, even in a video game, I am in debt. But I was free! I had my own truck! After you earned enough, you could own multiple trucks and hired other bottom feeders to do the job for you. Yes, I became the 1% trucker. You shut up and start working for me!

Replay Value 

Being this is a single player simulation game, replay value is going to be low unless you have no friends like me. This game will make you wake up on a Saturday, get your cup of coffee, and start trucking.


Bottom Line:

It’s god damn free damn it. Go download the demo right now and start playing, or you will miss the best simulator game out there.